Bioresorbable scaffolds: rationale, current status, challenges, and future

Iqbal Iqbal, Yoshinobu Onuma, J Ormiston, A Abizaid, R Waksman, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

204 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current generation of drug-eluting stents has significantly improved the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention by substantially reducing in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis. However, a potential limitation of these stents is the permanent presence of a metallic foreign body within the artery, which may cause vascular inflammation, restenosis, thrombosis, and neoatherosclerosis. The permanent stents also indefinitely impair the physiological vasomotor function of the vessel and future potential of grafting the stented segment. Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRSs) have the potential to overcome these limitations as they provide temporary scaffolding and then disappear, liberating the treated vessel from its cage and restoring pulsatility, cyclical strain, physiological shear stress, and mechanotransduction. While a number of BRSs are under development, two devices with substantial clinical data have already received a Conformite Europeenne marking. This review article presents the current status of these devices and evaluates the challenges that need to be overcome before BRSs can become the workhorse device in coronary intervention.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)765-+
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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