Background: Body mass index is associated with carotid intima-media thickness and distensibility in adults and children. Objective: To examine whether general and specific fat depots are associated with these markers of arterial health at school age. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 4708 children aged 10 years. Body, lean and fat mass index were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Pericardial, visceral and liver fat were estimated by magnetic resonance imaging. Carotid intima-media thickness and distensibility were measured by ultrasound. Results: A 1-standard-deviation-score (SDS) higher body mass index was associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (0.06 SDS, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.03–0.08) and lower distensibility (−0.17 SDS, 95% CI: −0.20 to −0.14). These associations tended to be similar for lean mass index. A 1-SDS higher fat mass index was associated with lower carotid intima-media thickness (−0.08 SDS, 95% CI: −0.11 to −0.05) and lower distensibility (−0.10 SDS, 95% CI: −0.14 to −0.07). A 1-SDS higher liver fat fraction was associated with lower carotid intima-media thickness (−0.04 SDS, 95% CI: −0.08 to −0.00) and lower distensibility (−0.06 SDS, 95% CI: −0.10 to −0.03). We observed similar associations for visceral fat. Conclusions: At school age, lean and fat mass seem to be differentially related to carotid intima-media thickness but not distensibility. Arterial development might be affected by lean mass, general and specific fat mass.
Bibliographical noteFunding information: Dutch Diabetes Foundation, Grant/Award Number: 2017.81.002; Dutch Heart Foundation, Grant/Award Number: 2017T013; Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Erasmus University Rotterdam; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, Grant/Award Numbers: 733206 (LifeCycle), 874739 (LongITools); H2020 European Research Council, Grant/Award Number: ERC-2014-CoG-648916; Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the Netherlands; Ministry of Youth and Families, the Netherlands; the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (NWO, ZonMW), Grant/Award Number: 543003109; the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw); the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
© 2022 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Obesity Federation.