Body mass index is associated with hyperparathyroidism in pediatric kidney transplant recipients

Karen Vanderstraeten, Rani De Pauw, Noël Knops, Antonia Bouts, Karlien Cransberg, Amina El Amouri, Ann Raes, Agnieszka Prytuła*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Hyperparathyroidism persists in up to 50% of pediatric kidney transplant recipients. The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the first year after transplantation and to identify factors associated with hyperparathyroidism. Methods: This retrospective study included children who underwent kidney transplantation at the University Hospitals of Ghent, Leuven, Rotterdam, or Amsterdam. Data from 149 patients were collected before and up to 12 months after transplantation. Severe hyperparathyroidism was defined as PTH 2-fold above the reference value. Factors associated with hyperparathyroidism and severe hyperparathyroidism were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Before transplantation, 97 out of 137 patients (71%) had hyperparathyroidism. The probability of hyperparathyroidism and severe hyperparathyroidism declined from 0.49 and 0.17 to 0.29 and 0.09 at 3 and 12 months after transplantation, respectively. BMI SDS (β: 0.509; p = 0.011; 95% CI: 1.122–2.468), eGFR (β: − 0.227; p = 0.030; 95% CI: 0.649–0.978), and pre-transplant hyperparathyroidism (β: 1.149; p = 0.039; 95% CI: 1.062–9.369) were associated with hyperparathyroidism 12 months after transplantation. Pre-transplant hyperparathyroidism (β: 2.115; p = 0.044; 95% CI: 1.055–65.084), defined as intact parathormone (iPTH) levels > 65 ng/l (6.9 pmol/l) or 1-84 PTH > 58 ng/l (6.2 pmol/l), was associated with severe hyperparathyroidism at 3 months. Only eGFR (β: − 0.488; p = 0.010; 95% CI: 0.425–0.888) was inversely associated with severe hyperparathyroidism at 9 months after transplantation. Conclusions: Allograft function remains the main determinant of severe hyperparathyroidism after transplantation. Our findings emphasize the importance of BMI and pre-transplant PTH control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-986
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


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