Buffers and Risks in Temperament and Family for Early Adolescent Psychopathology: Generic, Conditional, or Domain-Specific Effects? The TRAILS Study

M Sentse, R Veenstra, S Lindenberg, Frank Verhulst, J Ormel

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66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the possible risk-buffering and risk-enhancing role of family characteristics on the association between temperament and early adolescent externalizing and internalizing problems, adjusted for familial vulnerability for psychopathology and early childhood problem behavior. Furthermore, it explored whether these effects were specific or conditional for either internalizing or externalizing problems or more generic for psychopathology. Data on temperament (frustration and fearfulness) and family characteristies (overprotection, rejection, emotional warmth, and socioeconomic status) came from a large longitudinal Dutch population sample of early adolescents (n = 2,149; M age = 13.55 years; 51.2% girls). Hypotheses on the direction and the specificity of the effects were derived from a goal-framing approach. The findings indicate that family characteristics can either buffer or enhance the temperamental risk in the development of psychopathology. Analyses on the direction of these effects resulted in a descriptive classification of domain-specific, conditional, and generic factors that promote or protect the development of psychopathology. Implications of the result,; are discussed, and directions for future research are given.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-430
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Research programs

  • ESSB PED
  • EMC NIHES-04-55-01

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