Building Local Networks for Open Science: A Case Study of the Chinese Open Science Network (COSN)

Zhiqi Xu*, Yue Wang, Liangyou Zhang, Wenqianglong Li, Chenghao Zhou, Xi Chen, Chuan-Peng Hu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


The Open Science movement, dedicated to making scientific research more accessible, transparent, and collaborative, faces the challenge of its developed-country origins potentially marginalizing communities in the Global South. This chapter delves into the Chinese Open Science Network (COSN) as a grassroots group pioneering Open Science within the Chinese-speaking community, aiming to bridge the language and cultural divides in science, foster community engagement, and enhance collaboration through digital infrastructures. By focusing on COSN's multifaceted approach, including engaging early-career researchers, utilizing digital platforms for community building, and implementing frugal operation strategies for sustainable development, the chapter highlights COSN's significant contribution towards fostering a more inclusive and collaborative local scientific community. Reflections on COSN's journey reveal four key insights for empowering Open Science practices across the Global South: addressing community-specific needs, emphasizing practical applications, forging diverse partnerships, and maintaining operational affordability. These insights, coupled with COSN's experience in combining resource-sharing with community-building, offer a potential roadmap for other communities aiming to contribute to a more inclusive and equitable research ecosystem. Through a comprehensive analysis, the chapter underscores the importance of grassroots efforts like COSN in bridging the global capacity gap in scientific research and aligns with broader international development objectives.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMeta-Research and Development
Number of pages13
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

This chapter is set to be published in the "Meta-Research and Development" book, edited by the Meta-Research Team at the Busara Center, with a release planned for mid-2024.


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