Bypassing Institutional Barriers: New types of transit-oriented development in China

Yun Song*, Martin de Jong, Dominic Stead

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

18 Citations (Scopus)


China is often viewed as an emerging experimental base for transit-oriented development (TOD) practices because of its rapid urban growth and development of mass transit networks. The implementation of TOD can be heavily influenced by institutional barriers to urban growth. However, some newly emerging types of TOD practice allow planners and decision-makers to bypass some of the institutional barriers and achieve a certain degree of integrated development. Current academic literature, however, has little to say on how these informal institutional solutions go around these barriers. This article aims to fill this gap by examining three different types of TOD practice as applied in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. We analysed and compared the origins and effects of abovementioned informal institutional arrangements under entrepreneurial governance. We found that land value capturing can replace the existing governance mode in which local government heavily relies on revenue from land-leasing and realise better integration of transit and land development. We conclude with several suggestions for institutional reform based on these new types of TOD experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103177
Issue number113
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The first author is funded by the China Scholarship Council. We thank the Guangzhou City Planning Design Institute, the Shenzhen Urban Planning and Land Resource Research Centre, and the Foshan Urban Planning Design and Surveying Research Institute for accepting interviews. The authors are indebted to Miaoxi Zhao and Qifeng Yuan of South China University of Technology for providing comments and arranging interviews. We are also grateful for the comments from the editors and two anonymous reviewers which helped us to improve the overall quality of the article. Yun Song: Conceptualization, Methodology, Investigation, Writing-Original Draft. Martin de Jong: Supervision, Writing-Review & Editing, Project administration. Dominic Stead: Supervision.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)

Research programs

  • SAI 2008-06 BACT


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