Calcium channel blockers, NOS1AP, and heart-rate-corrected QT prolongation

Charlotte Noord, ALHJ (Albert-Jan) Aarnoudse, Mark Eijgelsheim, MCJM Sturkenboom, MJM Sabine, Bert Hofman, Jan Kors, C Newton-Cheh, JCM Witteman, Bruno Stricker

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Objectives To study whether NOS1AP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS), rs10494.366 T>G and rs10918594 C>G, modify the heart-rate-corrected QT (QTc) prolonging effect of calcium channel blockers. Background Common variation in the NOS1AP gene has been associated with QT interval variation in several large population samples. NOS1 is presumed to influence intracellular calcium. Methods The prospective population-based Rotterdam Study includes 16 603 ECGs from 7565 participants (>= 55 years), after exclusion of patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, left and right bundle branch block, as well as carriers of pacemakers. The endpoint was the length of the QTc interval in calcium channel blocker users and non-users with the minor alleles compared with the major alleles (wild type). We used a repeated-measurement analysis, adjusted for all known confounders. Results Use of verapamil was associated with a significant QTc interval prolongation [6.0 ms 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7; 10-2] compared with non-users. Furthermore, users of verapamil with the rs 10494366 GG genotype showed significantly more QTc prolongation than users with the TT genotype [25.4 ms (95% Cl: 5.9-44.9)] (P value for multiplicative interaction 0.0038). Users of isradipine with the GG genotype showed more QTc prolongation than users with the TT genotype [19.8 ms (95% CI: 1.9-37.7)]; however, SNP rs10494366 did not modify the effect on QTc interval on a multiplicative scale (P=0.3563). SNP rs10918594 showed similar results. Conclusion In conclusion, we showed that the minor alleles of both NOS1AP SNPs significantly potentiate the QTc prolonging effect of verapamil. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 19:260-266 (C) 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacogenetics Genomics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-01-64-03
  • EMC NIHES-03-77-02

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