In this paper a method which combines iterative computed tomography reconstruction and coronary centerline extraction technique to obtain motion artifact-free reconstructed images of the coronary arteries are proposed and evaluated. The method relies on motion-vector fields derived from a set of coronary centerlines extracted at multiple cardiac phases within the R-R interval. Hereto, start and end points are provided by the user in one time-frame only. Using an elastic image registration, these points are propagated to all the remaining cardiac phases. Consequently, a multi-phase three-dimensional coronary centerline is determined by applying a semi-automatic minimum cost path based extraction method. Corresponding centerline positions are used to determine the relative motion-vector fields from phase to phase. Finally, dense motion-vector fields are achieved by thin-plate-spline interpolation and used to perform a motion-corrected iterative reconstruction of a selected region of interest. The performance of the method is validated on five patients, showing the improved sharpness of cardiac motion-corrected gated iterative reconstructions compared to the results achieved by a classical gated iterative method. The results are also compared to known manual and fully automatic coronary artery motion estimation methods. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|