Cardio-metabolic risk factors during childhood in relation to lung function and asthma

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Background: Cardio-metabolic risk factors might have an adverse effect on respiratory outcomes, but associations in children are unknown. We aimed to study the longitudinal associations of cardio-metabolic risk factors with lung function and asthma at school age. We also examined whether any association was explained by child's body mass index (BMI). Methods: In a population-based cohort study among 4988 children, cardio-metabolic risk factors were measured at 6 and 10 years and included blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. At age 10 years, lung function was measured by spirometry and current physician-diagnosed asthma was assessed by questionnaire. Results: After adjustment for confounders, child's BMI, and multiple testing, we observed that a higher diastolic blood pressure at the age of 6 years was associated with a higher forced vital capacity (FVC) at the age of 10 years (Z-score difference (95% CI): 0.05 (0.01, 0.08), per SDS increase in diastolic blood pressure). Also, child's CRP concentrations above the 75th percentile at both ages 6 and 10 years were related to a lower FVC as compared to CRP concentrations below the 75th percentile at both ages (Z-score difference (95% CI) −0.21 (−0.36, −0.06)). No consistent associations of other cardio-metabolic risk factors with respiratory outcomes were observed. Conclusion: Blood pressure and CRP, but not lipids and insulin, were associated with lower lung function but not with asthma. The underlying mechanisms and long-term effects of these associations require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-952
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


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