Cardiovascular and renal toxicity during angiogenesis inhibition: clinical and mechanistic aspects

Mariëtte Kappers, Joep Esch, Stefan Sleijfer, Jan Danser, Ton van den Meiracker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Inhibition of angiogenesis with humanized monoclonal antibodies to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or with tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting VEGF receptors has become an established treatment for various tumor types. Contrary to expectations, angiogenesis inhibition by blocking VEGF-mediated signaling is associated with serious side effects including hypertension and renal and cardiac toxicity in a substantial proportion of patients. Fortunately, most of these side effects as discussed in this paper seem to be manageable, but likely become more problematic when survival increases. Although several hypotheses regarding the etiology of angiogenesis inhibition-related cardiovascular and renal side effects have been postulated, many of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain to be elucidated. This may lead to the development of more specific angiogenesis inhibitors, better management of their side effects and may potentially provide new insights into the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in general. J Hypertens 27:2297-2309 (c) 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2297-2309
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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