Cardiovascular disease risk in adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy

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Objective: To explore: (i) cardiovascular disease risk factors and the 10-year clustered risk of a fatal cardiovascular event in adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy; and (ii) relationships between the 10-year risk and body fat, aerobic fitness and physical activity. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Forty-three adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy without severe cognitive impairment (mean age 36.6 years (standard deviation 6); 27 men). Methods: Biological and lifestyle-related risk factors and the 10-year risk according to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) were assessed. Relationships were studied using multivariable linear regression analysis. Results: The following single risk factors were present: hypertension (n=12), elevated total cholesterol (n=3), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (n=5; all men), high-risk waist circumference (n=11), obesity (body mass index; n=5; all men), reduced aerobic fitness (on average 80% of reference values), reduced level of everyday physical activity (on average 78% of reference values) and smoking (n=9). All participants had a 10-year risk <1%. Corrected for gender, participants with higher wa Conclusion: In this relatively young adult sample of people with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy several single cardiovascular disease risk factors were present. The 10-year fatal cardiovascular disease risk was low, and higher body fat tended to be related to higher 10-year risk.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)866-872
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC MUSC-01-46-01
  • EMC NIHES-02-65-02

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