Introduction: Although qualitative studies have highlighted substantial barriers to dementia diagnosis and care in culturally diverse populations in Europe, quantitative studies examining the level of caregiver burden in these populations have been lacking thus far and are urgently needed. Methods: We compared the caregiver burden levels on the Caregiver Strain Index (CSI)-Expanded of 63 culturally diverse patient-caregiver dyads from a multicultural memory clinic with 30 native Dutch patient-caregiver dyads and examined the association between caregiver burden and determinants of burden. Results: Informal caregivers in the multicultural memory clinic cohort experienced a high level of caregiver burden (mean CSI-score multicultural cohort: 6.1 [SD: 3.3]; mean CSI-score native Dutch cohort: 4.8 [SD: 3.2]). Burden was significantly associated with impairment on proxy-rated and objective measures of cognitive functioning, such as the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline and the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale, and with instrumental activities of daily living. Burden was the highest in spousal caregivers. The positive subscale of the CSI-Expanded provided limited additional information. Conclusion: Caregivers of culturally diverse patients experience a high level of caregiver burden, in particular at more advanced disease stages. This study highlights the need to screen culturally diverse caregivers in European memory clinics on caregiver burden to identify those in need of caregiver support.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw Memorabel) (Grant No. 733050834 and 733050823). The funder did not play a role in any part (initiation, design, analysis, interpretation, writing of the report, or decision to submit) of this manuscript.
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.