Case Report: A Detailed Phenotypic Description of Patients and Relatives with Combined Central Hypothyroidism and Growth Hormone Deficiency Carrying IGSF1 Mutations

Melitza S.M. Elizabeth, Anita Hokken-Koelega, Jenny A. Visser, Sjoerd D. Joustra, Laura C.G. de Graaff*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

In recent years, variants in immunoglobulin superfamily member 1 (IGSF1) have been associated with congenital hypopituitarism. Initially, IGSF1 variants were only reported in patients with central hypothyroidism (CeH) and macroorchidism. Later on, IGSF1 variants were also reported in patients with additional endocrinopathies, sometimes without macroorchidism. We studied IGSF1 as a new candidate gene for patients with combined CeH and growth hormone deficiency (GHD). We screened 80 male and 14 female Dutch patients with combined CeH and GHD for variants in the extracellular region of IGSF1, and we report detailed biomedical and clinical data of index cases and relatives. We identified three variants in our patient cohort, of which two were novel variants of unknown significance (p.L570I and c.1765+37C>A). In conclusion, we screened 94 patients with CeH and GHD and found variants in IGSF1 of which p.L570I could be of functional relevance. We provide detailed phenotypic data of two boys with the p.C947R variant and their large family. The remarkable phenotype of some of the relatives sheds new light on the phenotypic spectrum of IGSF1 variants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number623
JournalGenes
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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