Causal effects in education

Dinand Webbink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlePopular

37 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, a wave of new studies on the effects of educational interventions on student performance has emerged. The realization that inputs in the education process are endogenous is important for the validity of traditional findings. Because of ignoring endogeneity bias, all traditional estimates might be wrong. Recent studies exploit exogenous variation in interventions in education produced by controlled or natural experiments. Results generated by this methodological innovation differ substantially from the traditional findings. This article reviews this new literature, illustrates new methods for identifying causal effects of interventions in education and compares the findings with the traditional literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-560
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Economic Surveys
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2005
Externally publishedYes


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