Certification to compensate gender prejudice: Analysis on impact of management system certification on export by companies in Central and Eastern Europe

CAF Riillo*, Ivana Mijatovic, Henk de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingConference proceedingAcademicpeer-review


Management system certification signals that the organisation meets international standards, which provides a certain confidence in the company. This confidence is in particular needed for exporting companies in developing countries. Because the business world is dominated by men, female leadership might be another reason to have less confidence in a company. Women-led companies may therefore benefit more from certification. Therefore, this study empirically tests the impact of certification on export, and the moderating effect of female leadership. We use data from enterprise surveys conducted by the World Bank in 2013 that include 4111 firms from 25 Central and Eastern European countries in transition. We implement a recursive bivariate probit model and an extensive sensitivity analysis to account for endogeneity issues. Results confirm that certification and export are positively correlated. Firms managed by females benefit more from certification based on international standards than firms managed by men, especially in the service sector. This suggests that certification compensates for the possibly negative connotations of female leadership. Female managers may consider implementing a management system and get it certified, resulting in a competitive advantage in export markets. Our findings provide food for thought for purchase managers– are they free from prejudice?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJoint proceedings EURAS 2021 – Standardisation and Innovation / SIIT 2021 – The Past, Present and Future of ICT Standardisation
EditorsKai Jakobs
Place of PublicationAachen
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event25th EURAS Annual Standardisation Conference: Standardisation and Innovation - Online
Duration: 6 Sept 20219 Sept 2021
Conference number: 25

Publication series

SeriesEURAS Contributions to standardisation research


Conference25th EURAS Annual Standardisation Conference
Abbreviated titleEURAS
Internet address


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