Changes of mandibular ramal height, during growth in unilateral hemifacial microsomia patients and unaffected controls

Edwin Ongkosuwito, J van Vooren, Han van Neck, E Wattel, Eppo Wolvius, Léon Adrichem, AM Kuijpers-Jagtman

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29 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to design mandibular ramal height growth curves for patients with HFM and compare those with the curves for a Dutch reference population. Two hundred fifty-one pre-operative orthopantomograms (OPTs) from 84 patients with unilateral HFM were used in conjunction with a control set of 2260 OPTs from 329 healthy individuals from the Nijmegen Growth Study (NGS) to determine mandibular ramal distances. For grades I/IIa and IIb/III, and for both sides, growth curves were constructed for mandibular ramal height with a linear curve-fitting procedure. This procedure revealed a significant difference between HFM patients and the NGS control group (p < 0.001); both in the mild and severe group mandibular ramal height differed significantly between the affected and non-affected side (p < 0.001). Growth was similar between HFM patients and the NGS control group. HFM patients therefore start with a smaller mandible and end with a smaller mandible, but experience growth similar to the Dutch normal population. These growth curves may aid the timing and determination of the combined surgical orthodontic treatment plan for HFM patients. (C) 2012 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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