Characteristics of instruments screening for depression in adults with intellectual disabilities: Systematic review

Heidi Hermans, Evenhuis

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The aim of this study was to obtain information on feasibility, reliability and validity of available instruments screening for depression applied in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Therefore, literature was systematically reviewed. For self-report, the Glasgow Depression scale for people with a Learning Disability appears most promising (internal consistency alpha = 0.90, test-retest reliability r = 0.97, sensitivity 96% and specificity 90%). For informant-report three instruments seem promising: the Assessment of Dual Diagnosis (internal consistency alpha = 0.77 and alpha = 0.91, test-retest reliability r = 0.94, interrater reliability r = 0.98), the Reiss Screen for Maladaptive Behaviour (internal consistency alpha = 0.58-0.83, interrater reliability r = 0.61-0.84, sensitivity 80%, specificity 83%), and the Children's Depression Inventory (internal consistency alpha = 0.86, sensitivity 83%, specificity 93%). None of these three instruments have been studied satisfactorily in this group, yet. More research on psychometric properties, especially sensitivity and specificity in the ID population, is needed. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1109-1120
Number of pages12
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-02-67-01

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