Circulating pro-inflammatory CD4posCD28null T cells are independently associated with cardiovascular disease in ESRD patients

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Abstract

Background. Cytomegalovirus seropositivity is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Circulating pro-inflammatory CD4posCD28null T cells are expanded in cytomegalovirus-seropositive ESRD patients and potentially could mediate atherosclerotic plaque instability and rupture. Methods. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that increased numbers of circulating CD4posCD28null T cells may represent a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in ESRD patients. Prospectively collected data from 240 cytomegalovirus-seropositive stable ESRD patients were analysed. Results. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors (age, smoking, hypercholesterolaemia and diabetes mellitus) and the percentage and absolute number of CD4posCD28null T cells were significantly associated with the presence of atherosclerotic disease, after univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. An similar to 2-3-fold increase in the prevalence of atherosclerotic disease was noted between patients with the highest and lowest number of CD4posCD28null cells. CD8posCD28null T-cell populationswere also significantly expanded in cytomegalovirus-seropositive ESRD patients and closely correlated with the number of CD4posCD28null T cells. However, this cell population was not related to an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions. Cytomegalovirus- seropositive ESRD patients may have substantially increased numbers of circulating pro-inflammatory CD4posCD28null T cells that are independently associated with the presence of atherosclerotic disease. The expansion of these cells may therefore represent a novel non-traditional cardiovascular risk factor for ESRD patients.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3640-3646
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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