Classification of Skull Shape Deformities Related to Craniosynostosis on 3D Photogrammetry

Sophia A.J. Kronig*, Otto D.M. Kronig, Henri A. Vrooman, Léon N.A. Van Adrichem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Implementation of the Utrecht Cranial Shape Quantificator (UCSQ) classification method on 3D photogrammetry in patients with different types of craniosynostosis is the aim of the present study. Five children (age <1 year) of every group of the common craniosynostoses (scaphocephaly, brachycephaly, trigonocephaly, right-sided and left-sided anterior plagiocephaly) were randomly included. The program 3-Matic (v13.0) was used to import and analyze the included 3dMD photos. Three external landmarks were placed. Using the landmarks, a base plane was created, as well as a plane 4 cm superior to the base plane. Using UCSQ, we created sinusoid curves of the patients, the resulting curves were analyzed and values were extracted for calculations. Results per patient were run through a diagnostic flowchart in order to determine correctness of the flowchart when using 3D photogrammetry. Each of the patients (n=25) of the different craniosynostosis subgroups is diagnosed correctly based on the different steps in the flowchart. This study proposes and implements a diagnostic approach of craniosynostosis based on 3D photogrammetry. By using a diagnostic flowchart based on specific characteristics for every type of craniosynostosis related to specific skull deformities, diagnosis can be established. All variables are expressed in number and are therefore objective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Mutaz B. Habal, MD. All rights reserved.


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