Influenza A viruses are a major cause of respiratory infections in humans. To protect against influenza, vaccines mainly aim at the induction of antibodies against the two surface proteins and do not protect against influenza A viruses from other subtypes. There is an increasing interest in heterosubtypic immunity that does protect against different subtypes.CD8 and CD4 T cells have a beneficial effect on the course of influenza A virus infection and can recognize conserved IAV epitopes. The T cell responses are tightly regulated to avoid collateral damage due to overreaction. Different studies have shown that an aberrant T cell response to an influenza virus infection could be harmful and could contribute to immunopathology. Here we discuss the recent findings on the balance between the beneficial and detrimental effects of T cell responses in influenza virus infections.