Clinical Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Using Valve Academic Research Consortium Definitions A Weighted Meta-Analysis of 3,519 Patients From 16 Studies

P Genereux, Stuart Head, Nicolas van Mieghem, S Kodali, AJ Kirtane, K Xu, C Smith, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, Arie-Pieter Kappetein, MB Leon

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Abstract

Objectives This study sought to perform a weighted meta-analysis to determine the rates of major outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) definitions and to evaluate their current use in the literature. Background Recently, the published VARC definitions have helped to add uniformity to reporting outcomes after TAVR. Methods A comprehensive search of multiple electronic databases from January 1, 2011, through October 12, 2011, was conducted using predefined criteria. We included studies reporting at least 1 outcome using VARC definitions. Results A total of 16 studies including 3,519 patients met inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. The pooled estimate rates of outcomes were determined according to VARC's definitions: device success, 92.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 88.7% to 95.5%); all-cause 30-day mortality, 7.8% (95% CI: 5.5% to 11.1%); myocardial infarction, 1.1% (95% CI: 0.2% to 2.0%); acute kidney injury stage II/III, 7.5% (95% CI: 5.1% to 11.4%); life-threatening bleeding, 15.6% (95% CI: 11.7% to 20.7% Conclusions VARC definitions have already been used by the TAVR clinical research community, establishing a new standard for reporting clinical outcomes. Future revisions of the VARC definitions are needed based on evolving TAVR clinical experiences. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59:2317-26) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2317-2326
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume59
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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