Clinical phenotype of patients with neuropathy associated with monoclonal gammopathy: a comparative study and a review of the literature

ACJ (Abraham) Stork, WL van der Pol, H Franssen, B.C. Jacobs, NC Notermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to investigate if the clinical and electrophysiological phenotype of patients with polyneuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy (IgM-PNP) is related to the presence of antibodies against gangliosides or myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG). We compared clinical and nerve conduction study (NCS) characteristics of 11 IgM-PNP patients with antibodies against asialo-GM1 or gangliosides (GM1, GD1a, GD1b, GM2 or GQ1b) to 11 consecutive IgM-PNP patients with anti-MAG neuropathy and to 9 IgM-PNP patients without antibodies against either MAG or gangliosides. Patients with anti-ganglioside antibodies could not be differentiated from those with anti-MAG antibodies based on clinical characteristics. However, within the group of anti-ganglioside antibody positive patients, antibodies against GD1b and GQ1b were associated with a purely sensory neuropathy (p = 0.002), while asymmetric weakness with symmetric sensory loss was associated with anti-asialo-GM1 antibodies. In conclusion, polyneuropathy associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy and anti-ganglioside antibodies clinically resembles anti-MAG neuropathy. Pure sensory neuropathy and marked asymmetry may suggest the presence of anti-ganglioside rather than anti-MAG antibodies.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1398-1404
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this