Co-offending as Social Exchange: Explaining Characteristics of Co-offending

Frank M. Weerman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)
255 Downloads (Pure)


Studies in the past have already revealed some interesting characteristics of co-offending, but relatively little attention has been paid to explaining them. This paper is focused on the explanation of these characteristics. A comprehensive theory is proposed, based on the idea that co-offending may be viewed as an event in which material and immaterial goods are exchanged. The basic concepts of such a social exchange theory are formulated in this article, and a causal model based on this theory is deduced. The paper also shows how the proposed theory may explain the well-known characteristics of co-offending.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-416
Number of pages19
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Research programs

  • ESL – Diversen Oud


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