Coadministration of lanreotide Autogel and pegvisomant normalizes IGF1 levels and is well tolerated in patients with acromegaly partially controlled by somatostatin analogs alone

AJ (Aart-Jan) van der Lely, I Bernabeu, J Cap, P Caron, A Colao, J Marek, S.J.C.M.M. Neggers, P Birman

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of coadministered lanreotide Autogel (LA; 120 mg/month) and pegvisomant (40-120 mg/week) in acromegaly. Design: This is a 28-week, multicenter, open-label, single-arm sequential study. Methods: Patients (n=92) biochemically uncontrolled, on somatostatin analogs (SSAs) or using pegvisomant monotherapy entered a 4-month run-in taking LA (120 mg/month). Patients uncontrolled after the run-in period (n=57) entered a 28-week coadministration period, receiving LA 120 mg/month plus pegvisomant (60 mg once weekly, adapted every 8 weeks based on IGF1 levels to 40-80 mg once weekly or 40 or 60 mg twice weekly). Results: In total, 33 (57.9%) patients had normalized IGF1 following coadministration (P < 0.0001 versus 30% minimum clinically relevant); median pegvisomant dose in normalized patients was 60 mg/week. IGF1 normalized at any time during coadministration in 45 (78.9%) patients (P < 0.0001) with median pegvisomant dose at 60 mg/week. Being nondiabetic (odds ratio (OR): 4.65) and older (OR, upper versus lower quartile: 3.40) showed increased likelihood of normalization. Symptom reduction was greatest for arthralgia (-0.6 +/- 1.6) and soft tissue swelling (-0.6 +/- 1.8). Five patients reported treatment-emergent adverse events causing treatment withdrawal: three serious (treatment related thrombocytopenia, urticaria; not treatment related abdominal pain/vomiting) and two nonserious (hepatotoxicity and cytolytic hepatitis, both elevating alanine aminotransferase to > 5x upper limit of normal with normalization after withdrawal). Conclusions: In patients partially controlled by SSAs, LA (120 mg/month) plus pegvisomant normalized IGF1 in 57.9% of patients after 7 months, at a median effective pegvisomant dose of 60 mg/week, and 78.9% at any time. In these patients, results suggest a pegvisomant-sparing effect versus daily pegvisomant monotherapy.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)325-333
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Volume164
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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