Cognition, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Depression Ten Years after Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study

Erik Grauwmeijer*, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Lianne D. Peppel, Chantalle J. Hartjes, Iain K. Haitsma, Inge de Koning, Gerard M. Ribbers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function 10 years after moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to investigate the associations among cognitive function, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In this prospective cohort study, with measurements at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 120 months post-TBI, patients 18-67 years of age (n=113) with moderate-severe TBI were recruited. Main outcome measures were depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale [CES-D]), subjective cognitive functioning (Cognitive Failure Questionnaire [CFQ]), objective cognitive functioning, and HRQoL (Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36]). Fifty of the initial 113 patients completed the 10 year follow-up. Twenty percent showed symptoms of depression (CES-D 16). These patients had more psychiatric symptoms at hospital discharge (p=0.048) and were more often referred to rehabilitation or nursing homes (p=0.015) than non-depressed patients. Further, they also had significantly lower scores in six of the eight subdomains of the SF-36. The non-depressed patients had equivalent scores to those of the Dutch norm-population on all subdomains of the SF-36. Cognitive problems at hospital discharge were related with worse cognitive outcome 10 years post-TBI, but not with depression or HRQoL. Ten years after moderate-severe TBI, only weak associations (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1551
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume35
Issue number13
Early online dateApr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Research programs

  • EMC OR-01

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