Cognitive coping in anxiety-disordered adolescents

Jeroen Legerstee, N Garnefski, Frank Verhulst, Lisbeth Utens

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated differences in cognitive coping strategies between anxiety-disordered and non-anxious adolescents. In addition, the interaction effect with gender as well as differences between specific anxiety diagnoses was examined. A clinical sample of 159 anxiety-disordered adolescents and a general community sample of 370 non-anxious adolescents were recruited. Nine cognitive coping strategies were assessed in all adolescents (aged 12-16 years). Results showed that anxiety-disordered adolescents had significantly higher scores on most of the cognitive coping strategies than non-anxious adolescents. The cognitive coping strategies rumination, self-blame and catastrophizing accounted for most of the variance. Gender did not modify the results. Further analyses within the anxiety-disordered sample indicated that adolescents with a generalized anxiety disorder scored significantly higher on rumination, but not on other cognitive coping strategies, than social phobic adolescents. The results suggest that cognitive coping is a valuable target for psychological assessment and treatment in adolescents. (C) 2010 The Association for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-04-55-01

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