Colonoscopic Polypectomy and Long-Term Prevention of Colorectal-Cancer Deaths

AG Zauber, SJ Winawer, MJ O'Brien, Iris Lansdorp - Vogelaar, Marjolein Ballegooijen, BF Hankey, WJ Shi, JH Bond, M Schapiro, JF Panish, ET Stewart, JD Waye

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Abstract

BACKGROUND In the National Polyp Study (NPS), colorectal cancer was prevented by colonoscopic removal of adenomatous polyps. We evaluated the long-term effect of colonoscopic polypectomy in a study on mortality from colorectal cancer. METHODS We included in this analysis all patients prospectively referred for initial colonoscopy (between 1980 and 1990) at NPS clinical centers who had polyps (adenomas and nonadenomas). The National Death Index was used to identify deaths and to determine the cause of death; follow-up time was as long as 23 years. Mortality from colorectal cancer among patients with adenomas removed was compared with the expected incidence-based mortality from colorectal cancer in the general population, as estimated RESULTS Among 2602 patients who had adenomas removed during participation in the study, after a median of 15.8 years, 1246 patients had died from any cause and 12 had died from colorectal cancer. Given an estimated 25.4 expected deaths from colorectal cancer in the general population, the standardized incidence-based mortality ratio was 0.47 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26 to 0.80) with colonoscopic polypectomy, suggesting a 53% reduction in mortality. Mortality from colorectal cancer was similar am CONCLUSIONS These findings support the hypothesis that colonoscopic removal of adenomatous polyps prevents death from colorectal cancer. (Funded by the National Cancer Institute and others.)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)687-696
Number of pages10
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume366
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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