Combating pan-coronavirus infection by indomethacin through simultaneously inhibiting viral replication and inflammatory response

Yining Wang, Pengfei Li, Lei Xu, Annemarie C. de Vries, Robbert J. Rottier, Wenshi Wang, Marie Rose B.S. Crombag, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch, Denis E. Kainov, Qiuwei Pan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Severe infections with coronaviruses are often accompanied with hyperinflammation, requiring therapeutic strategies to simultaneously tackle the virus and inflammation. By screening a safe-in-human broad-spectrum antiviral agents library, we identified that indomethacin can inhibit pan-coronavirus infection in human cell and airway organoids models. Combining indomethacin with oral antiviral drugs authorized for treating COVID-19 results in synergistic anti-coronavirus activity. Coincidentally, screening a library of FDA-approved drugs identified indomethacin as the most potent potentiator of interferon response through increasing STAT1 phosphorylation. Combining indomethacin with interferon-alpha exerted synergistic antiviral effects against multiple coronaviruses. The anti-coronavirus activity of indomethacin is associated with activating interferon response. In a co-culture system of lung epithelial cells with macrophages, indomethacin inhibited both viral replication and inflammatory response. Collectively, indomethacin is a pan-coronavirus inhibitor that can simultaneously inhibit virus-triggered inflammatory response. The therapeutic potential of indomethacin can be further augmented by combining it with oral antiviral drugs or interferon-alpha.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107631
JournaliScience
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023 The Author(s).

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