Combined proteomics and pathways analysis of collecting duct reveals a protein regulatory network activated in vasopressin escape

Ewout J. Hoorn, Jason D. Hoffert, Mark A. Knepper*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low sensitivity is characteristic of many proteomics methods. Presented here is an approach that combines proteomics based on difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) with bioinformatic pathways analysis to identify both abundant and relatively nonabundant proteins in inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) altered in abundance during escape from vasopressin-induced antidiuresis. Rats received the vasopressin analog dDAVP by osmotic minipump plus either a daily water load (vasopressin escape) or only enough water to replace losses (control). Immunoblotting confirmed the hallmark of vasopressin escape, a decrease in aquaporin-2, and demonstrated a decrease in the abundance of the urea transporter UT-A3. DIGE identified 22 mostly high-abundance proteins regulated during vasopressin escape. These proteins were analyzed using pathways analysis software to reveal protein clusters incorporating the proteins identified by DIGE. A single dominant cluster emerged that included many relatively low-abundance proteins (abundances too low for DIGE identification), including several transcription factors. Immunoblotting confirmed a decrease in total and phosphorylated c-myc, a decrease in c-fos, and increases in c-jun and p53. Furthermore, immunoblotting confirmed hypothesized changes in other proteins in the proposed network: Increases in c-src, receptor for activated C kinase 1, calreticulin, and caspase 3 and decreases in steroid receptor co-activator 1, Grp78/BiP, and annexin A4. This combined approach proved capable of uncovering regulatory proteins that are altered in response to a specific physiologic perturbation without being detected directly by DIGE. The results demonstrate a dominant protein regulatory network in IMCD cells that is altered in association with vasopressin escape, providing a new framework for further studies of signaling in IMCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2852-2863
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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