Comparing modeling strategies combining changes in multiple serum tumor biomarkers for early prediction of immunotherapy non-response in non-small cell lung cancer

Frederik A van Delft, Milou M F Schuurbiers, Mirte Muller, Sjaak A Burgers, Huub H van Rossum, Maarten J IJzerman, Michel M van den Heuvel, Hendrik Koffijberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are at risk of adverse events (AEs) even though not all patients will benefit. Serum tumor markers (STMs) are known to reflect tumor activity and might therefore be useful to predict response, guide treatment decisions and thereby prevent AEs.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare a range of prediction methods to predict non-response using multiple sequentially measured STMs.

METHODS: Nine prediction models were compared to predict treatment non-response at 6-months (n = 412) using bi-weekly CYFRA, CEA, CA-125, NSE, and SCC measurements determined in the first 6-weeks of therapy. All methods were applied to six different biomarker combinations including two to five STMs. Model performance was assessed based on sensitivity, while model training aimed at 95% specificity to ensure a low false-positive rate.

RESULTS: In the validation cohort, boosting provided the highest sensitivity at a fixed specificity across most STM combinations (12.9% -59.4%). Boosting applied to CYFRA and CEA achieved the highest sensitivity on the validation data while maintaining a specificity >95%.

CONCLUSIONS: Non-response in NSCLC patients treated with ICIs can be predicted with a specificity >95% by combining multiple sequentially measured STMs in a prediction model. Clinical use is subject to further external validation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S269-S281
JournalTumor Biology
Volume46
Issue numbers1
Early online date2 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2023 – The authors. Published by IOS Press.

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