Computer-Aided Diagnosis and Prediction in Brain Disorders

Vikram Venkatraghavan, Sebastian R.van der Voort, Daniel Bos, Marion Smits, Frederik Barkhof, Wiro J. Niessen, Stefan Klein, Esther E. Bron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Computer-aided methods have shown added value for diagnosing and predicting brain disorders and can thus support decision making in clinical care and treatment planning. This chapter will provide insight into the type of methods, their working, their input data –such as cognitive tests, imaging, and genetic data– and the types of output they provide. We will focus on specific use cases for diagnosis, i.e., estimating the current “condition” of the patient, such as early detection and diagnosis of dementia, differential diagnosis of brain tumors, and decision making in stroke. Regarding prediction, i.e., estimation of the future “condition” of the patient, we will zoom in on use cases such as predicting the disease course in multiple sclerosis and predicting patient outcomes after treatment in brain cancer. Furthermore, based on these use cases, we will assess the current state-of-the-art methodology and highlight current efforts on benchmarking of these methods and the importance of open science therein. Finally, we assess the current clinical impact of computer-aided methods and discuss the required next steps to increase clinical impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-490
Number of pages32
JournalNeuromethods
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jul 2023

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© 2023, The Author(s).

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