Computer-Assisted Surgery Is Not More Accurate or Precise Than Conventional Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial

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Abstract

Background: Accurate and precise tunnel placement is critical to the success of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. A new development, computer-assisted surgery, aids in placement of the ACL bone tunnels during surgery. Our hypothesis was that computer-assisted ACL reconstruction would allow more accurate and precise tunnel placement compared with conventional surgery. Methods: In a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical study, 100 patients eligible for ACL reconstruction with a transtibial technique were stratified by surgeon and randomized to either conventional or computer-assisted surgery. Measurement of femoral and tibial tunnel placement with use of three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) was used as the primary outcome to compare conventional ACL surgery with computer-assisted surgery. Results: The placement of the femoral tunnel did not differ between groups (mean, 39.7% of the proximal-distal distance on the intracondylar axis [Blumensaat line] in the conventional group compared with 39.0% in the computer-assisted surgery group; p = 0.70). The anterior-posterior positioning of the tibial tunnel on the tibial plateau also did not differ significantly (38.9% in the conventional group compared with 38.2% in the computer-assisted surgery group; p = 0.58). There was no significan Conclusions: There was no significant difference in either the accuracy or the precision of tunnel placement between conventional and computer-assisted ACL reconstruction.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1538-1545
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume
Volume94A
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC MM-01-51-01

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