Cone-rod dystrophy can be a manifestation of Danon disease

Alberta Thiadens, Niki Slingerland, RJ Florijn, GH Visser, FC Riemslag, Caroline Klaver

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Abstract

Danon disease is a neuromuscular disorder with variable expression in the eye. We describe a family with Danon disease and cone-rod dystrophy (CRD). Affected males of one family with Danon were invited for an extensive ophthalmologic examination, including color vision testing, fundus photography, Goldmann perimetry, full-field electroretinogram (ERG), and SD-OCT. Previous ophthalmologic data were retrieved from medical charts. The LAMP2 and RPGR gene were analyzed by direct sequencing. Two siblings had no ocular phenotype. The third sibling and a cousin developed CRD leading to legal blindness. Visual acuity deteriorated progressively over time, color vision was severely disturbed, and ERG showed reduced photopic and scotopic responses. SD-OCT revealed thinning of the photoreceptor and RPE layer. Visual fields demonstrated central scotoma. The causal mutation was p.Gly384Arg in LAMP2; no mutations were found in RPGR. This is the first description of CRD in Danon disease. The retinal phenotype was a late onset but severe dystrophy characterized by loss of photoreceptors and RPE cells. With this report, we highlight the importance of a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination in the clinical work-up of Danon disease.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)769-774
Number of pages6
JournalGraefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume250
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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