Consensus paper on postural dysfunction: Recommendations for prevention, diagnosis and therapy

R. Saggini, G. P. Anastasi, S. Battilomo, P. Maietta Latessa, G. Costanzo, F. Di Carlo, F. Festa, G. Giardinelli, F. Macrì, L. Mastropasqua, M. Nardone, G. Nicoletti, A. Orsini, M. Pastorelli, R. Pellegrino, M. Trevisan, L. La Mesa, A. M. Le Pera, M. G. Privitera, G. RalliC. Villani, B. Bricot, R. G. Davidson, A. Hassdenteufel, Z. M. Hawamdeh, G. J. Kleinrensink, E. Matheron, V.L. Stoev, S. Stratulat, S. Tiron, P. Villeneuve, Teresa Paolucci*, R. G. Bellomo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Good fundamentals of posture and balance are essential for the efficient performance of both simple daily tasks and more complex movement patterns. In particular, postural balance is the ability to keep the body in equilibrium and to regain balance after the shift of body segments: postural control mechanisms of integration of the visual, vestibular and foot afferential channels contribute to this. This document provides recommendations based on scientific evidence, clinical practice, and consensus between experts concerning the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of postural dysfunction at the three stages of life as the developmental age, adult age, and old age > 65 years and follows the “National Guidelines on Classification and Measuring of Posture and its Dysfunctions” per the Italian Ministry of Health (December 2017). The paper answers four main questions: i) “Which measures can be adopted to prevent postural dysfunctions?" ii) “What can we do in order to make a correct diagnosis of postural dysfunction?" iii) “What are the correct treatment programs for postural dysfunctions?" iv) Which professional competencies and experiences are useful for preventing, diagnosing and treating postural dysfunctions? By the Consensus of the Experts and the scientific evidence, emerge that the approach to postural dysfunctions requires a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary team. Furthermore, rehabilitation treatment interventions must be specific to the age groups that have been indicated, to consider the integration of the main systems and subsystems of postural control that change with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-456
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

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