Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) statement: Updated reporting guidance for health economic evaluations

Don Husereau*, Michael Drummond, Federico Augustovski, Esther De Bekker-Grob, Andrew H. Briggs, Chris Carswell, Lisa Caulley, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Dan Greenberg, Elizabeth Loder, Josephine Mauskopf, C. Daniel Mullins, Stavros Petrou, Raoh Fang Pwu, Sophie Staniszewska

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

168 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


Health economic evaluations are comparative analyses of alternative courses of action in terms of their costs and consequences. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement, published in 2013, was created to ensure health economic evaluations are identifiable, interpretable, and useful for decision making. It was intended as guidance to help authors report accurately which health interventions were being compared and in what context, how the evaluation was undertaken, what the findings were, and other details that may aid readers and reviewers in interpretation and use of the study. The new CHEERS 2022 statement replaces previous CHEERS reporting guidance. It reflects the need for guidance that can be more easily applied to all types of health economic evaluation, new methods and developments in the field, as well as the increased role of stakeholder involvement including patients and the public. It is also broadly applicable to any form of intervention intended to improve the health of individuals or the population, whether simple or complex, and without regard to context (such as health care, public health, education, social care, etc). This summary article presents the new CHEERS 2022 28-item checklist and recommendations for each item. The CHEERS 2022 statement is primarily intended for researchers reporting economic evaluations for peer reviewed journals as well as the peer reviewers and editors assessing them for publication. However, we anticipate familiarity with reporting requirements will be useful for analysts when planning studies. It may also be useful for health technology assessment bodies seeking guidance on reporting, as there is an increasing emphasis on transparency in decision making.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere067975
JournalThe BMJ
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding to support ongoing meetings was provided by
ISPOR - The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes
Research. The funders had no role in considering the study design
or in the collection, analysis, interpretation of data, or writing of the
report. Funding for DH and the Delphi Panel exercise was provided by
9363980 Canada Inc. SS is part funded by the NIHR Applied Research
Collaboration (ARC) West Midlands, the NIHR Health Protection
Research Unit (HPRU) Gastrointestinal Infections, and the NIHR HPRU
Genomics and Enabling data.

Publisher Copyright:


Dive into the research topics of 'Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) statement: Updated reporting guidance for health economic evaluations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this