Contrasting responses of lymphoid progenitors to canonical and noncanonical Wnt signals

S (Sunny) Malhotra, Y Baba, KP Garrett, Frank Staal, R Gerstein, PW Kincade

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65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Wnt family of secreted glycoproteins has been implicated in many aspects of development, but its contribution to blood cell formation is controversial. We overexpressed Wnt3a, Wnt5a, and Dickkopf.1, in stromal cells front osteopetrotic mice and used them in coculture experiments with highly enriched stem and progenitor cells. The objective was to learn whether and how particular stages of B lymphopoiesis are responsive to these Writ family ligands. We found that canonical Writ signaling, through Wnt3a, inhibited B and plasmacytoid dendritic cell, but not conventional dendritic cell development. Wnt5a, which can oppose canonical signaling or act through a different pathway, increased B lymphopoiesis. Responsiveness to both Writ ligands diminished with time in culture and stage of development. That is, only hematopoietic stem cells and very primitive progenitors were affected. Although Wnt3a promoted retention of hematopoietic stem cell markers, cell yields and dye dilution experiments indicated it was not a growth stimulus. Other results suggest that lineage instability results from canonical Writ signaling. Lymphoid progenitors rapidly down-regulated RAG-1, and some acquired stem cell-staining characteristics as well as myeloid and erythroid potential when exposed to Wnt3a-producing stromal cells. We conclude that at least two Writ ligands can differentially regulate early events in B lymphopoiesis, affecting entry and progression in distinct differentiation lineages.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3955-3964
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume181
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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