Coronary plaque burden in Turner syndrome a coronary computed tomography angiography study

KL Funck, Ricardo Budde, MH Viuff, J Wen, JM Jensen, BL Nørgaard, Lidia Bons, Anthonie Duijnhouwer, D Dey, KH Mortensen, NH Andersen, Jolien Roos - Hesselink, CH Gravholt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

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Abstract

Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), an important cause of premature death in TS. However, the determinants of CAD in women with TS remain unknown. In a cross-sectional study design, 168 women without clinical evidence of CAD (115 with TS and 53 without TS) were assessed for the presence and volume of subclinical CAD using coronary CT angiography. Karyotype, the presence of congenital heart defects and conventional cardiovascular risk factors were also registered. Comparative analyses were performed (1) between women with and without TS and (2) in the TS group, between women with and without subclinical CAD. The prevalence of CAD, in crude and adjusted analyses, was not increased for women with TS (crude prevalence: 40 [35%] in TS vs. 25 [47%] in controls, p = 0.12). The volume of atherosclerosis was not higher in women with TS compared with controls (median and interquartile range 0 [0–92] in TS vs. 0 [0–81]mm3 in controls, p = 0.29). Among women with TS, women with subclinical CAD were older (46 ± 13 vs. 37 ± 11 years, p < 0.001), had higher blood pressure (systolic blood pressure 129 ± 16 vs. 121 ± 16 mmHg, p < 0.05) and were more frequently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (5 [13%] vs. 2 [3%], p < 0.05). Karyotype or congenital heart defects were not associated with subclinical CAD. Some women with TS show early signs of CAD, however overall, not more than women without TS. Conventional cardiovascular risk factors were the principal determinants of CAD also in TS, and CAD prevention strategies should be observed. ClinicalTrial.gov Identifier: NCT01678261 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01678261).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-23
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Vessels
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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