Correction of B-cell development in Btk-deficient mice using lentiviral vectors with codon-optimized human BTK

Peter Ng, Miranda Baert, Karin Overzet, Mark Rodijk, MH (Martijn) Brugman, A Schambach, C Baum, Rudi Hendriks, Jacques Dongen, Frank Staal

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X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is the most common primary immunodeficiency (PID) in man and caused by mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene. XLA is characterized by a B-cell differentiation arrest in bone marrow, absence of mature B cells and immunoglobulins (Igs), and recurrent bacterial infections. We used self-inactivating lentiviral vectors expressing codon-optimized human BTK under the control of three different ubiquitous or B cell-specific promoters. Btk-/- mice engrafted with transduced cells showed correction of both precursor B-cell and peripheral B-cell development. Lentiviral vectors containing the wildtype BTK sequence did not correct the phenotype. All treated mice with codon-optimized BTK exhibited the recovery of B1 cells in the peritoneal cavity, and of serum IgM and IgG3 levels. Calcium mobilization responses upon B-cell receptor stimulation as well as in vivo responses to T cell-independent antigens were restored. Viral promoters overexpressing BTK 4100-fold above normal resulted in erythro-myeloid proliferations independent of insertional mutagenesis. However, transplantation into secondary Btk-/- recipients using cellular promoters resulted in functional restoration of peripheral B cells and IgM levels, without any adverse effects. In conclusion, transduction of human BTK corrects B-cell development and antigen-specific antibody responses in Btk-/- mice, thus indicating the feasibility of lentiviral gene therapy for XLA, provided that BTK expression does not vastly exceed normal levels. Leukemia (2010) 24, 1617-1630; doi:10.1038/leu.2010.140; published online 24 June 2010
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1617-1630
Number of pages14
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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