Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using three dimensional-quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) based fractional flow reserve (FFR) (vessel fractional flow reserve [vFFR], CAAS8.1, Pie Medical Imaging) and to correlate vFFR values with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for the evaluation of intermediate left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. Background: 3D-QCA derived FFR indices have been recently developed for less invasive functional lesion assessment. However, LMCA lesions were vastly under-represented in first validation studies. Methods: This observational single-center cohort study enrolled consecutive patients with stable angina, unstable angina, or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and nonostial, intermediate grade LMCA stenoses who underwent IVUS evaluation. vFFR was computed based on two angiograms with optimal LMCA stenosis projection and correlated with IVUS-derived minimal lumen area (MLA). Results: A total of 256 patients with intermediate grade LMCA stenosis evaluated with IVUS were screened for eligibility; 147 patients met the clinical inclusion criteria and had a complete IVUS LMCA footage available, of them, 63 patients (63 lesions) underwent 3D-QCA and vFFR analyses. The main reason for screening failure was insufficient quality of the angiogram (51 patients,60.7%). Mean age was 65 ± 11 years, 75% were male. Overall, mean MLA within LMCA was 8.77 ± 3.17 mm2, while mean vFFR was 0.87 ± 0.09. A correlation was observed between vFFR and LMCA MLA (r =.792, p =.001). The diagnostic accuracy of vFFR ≤0.8 in identifying lesions with MLA < 6.0 mm2 (sensitivity 98%, specificity 71.4%, area under the curve (AUC) 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.89–1.00, p =.001) was good. Conclusions: In patients with good quality angiographic visualization of LMCA and available complete LMCA IVUS footage, 3D-QCA based vFFR assessment of LMCA disease correlates well to LMCA MLA as assessed by IVUS.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
M. T. acknowledges funding received from the European Society of Cardiology in form of an ESC 2018 Grant. K. M. received institutional grant support from Acist Medical. L. J. C. V. Z. received institutional research grant support from Acist Medical. N. V M. received research grant support from Edwards, Medtronic, Abbott, Boston Scientific, Pulse Cath, Acist Medical and Essential Medical. J. D. received institutional grant/research support from Abbott Vascular, Boston Scientific, Acist Medical, Medtronic and PulseCath, and consultancy and speaker fees from Acist medical, Boston Scientific, ReCor Medical, Medtronic and Pulse Cath. The remaining authors have nothing to disclose.
© 2020 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.