Corruption, Growth, and Governance: Private vs. State-owned Firms in Vietnam

TT Nguyen, Mathijs van Dijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

180 Citations (Scopus)


We provide a firm-level analysis of the relation between corruption and growth for private firms and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in Vietnam. We obtain three different measures of the perceived corruption severity from a 2005 survey among 741 private firms and 133 SOEs. We find that corruption hampers the growth of Vietnam's private sector, but is not detrimental for growth in the state sector. We document significant differences in the corruption severity across 24 provinces in Vietnam that can be explained by the quality of provincial public governance (such as the costs of new business entry, land access, and private sector development policies). Our results suggest that corruption may harm economic growth because it favors the state sector at the expense of the private sector and that improving the quality of local public governance can help to mitigate corruption and stimulate economic growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2935-2948
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Banking and Finance
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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