Cost-Effectiveness of Screening Women With Familial Risk for Breast Cancer With Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Sepideh Saadatmand, Madeleine Tilanus - Linthorst, EJT Rutgers, N Hoogerbrugge, JC Oosterwijk, RAEM Tollenaar, Maartje Hooning, CE Loo, Inge-marie Obdeijn, Eveline Heijnsdijk, Harry de Koning

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Background To reduce mortality, women with a family history of breast cancer are often screened with mammography before age 50 years. Additional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) improves sensitivity and is cost-effective for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. However, for women with a family history without a proven mutation, cost-effectiveness is unclear. Methods We evaluated data of the largest prospective MRI screening study (MRISC). Between 1999 and 2007, 1597 women (8370 woman-years at risk) aged 25 to 70 years with an estimated cumulative lifetime risk of 15% to 50% for breast cancer were screened with clinical breast examination every 6 months and with annual mammography and MRI. We calculated the cost per detected and treated breast cancer. After incorporating MRISC data into a microsimulation screening analysis model (MISCAN), different s Results Forty-seven breast cancers (9 ductal carcinoma in situ) were detected. Screening with additional MRI costs $123 672 ((sic)93 639) per detected breast cancer. In increasing age-cohorts, costs per detected and treated breast cancer decreased, but, unexpectedly, the percentage of MRI-only detected cancers increased. Screening under the MRISC-scheme from age 35 to 50 years was estimated to reduce breast cancer mortality by 25% at $134 932 ((sic)102 164) per LYG (3.5% discounting) compared wi Conclusions Screening with MRI may improve survival for women with familial risk for breast cancer but is expensive, especially in the youngest age categories.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1314-1321
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-47-11
  • EMC MM-03-86-01
  • EMC NIHES-02-65-01
  • EMC NIHES-03-30-01

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