Costs and health effects of CT perfusion-based selection for endovascular thrombectomy within 6 hours of stroke onset: a model-based health economic evaluation

Henk Van Voorst*, Jan W. Hoving, Miou S. Koopman, Jasper D. Daems, Daan Peerlings, Erik Buskens, Hester Lingsma, Henk A. Marquering, Hugo W.A.M. De Jong, Olvert A. Berkhemer, Wim H. Van Zwam, Marianne A.A. Van Walderveen, Ido R. Van Den Wijngaard, Diederik W.J. Dippel, Albert J. Yoo, Bruce Campbell, Wolfgang G. Kunz, Charles B. Majoie, Bart J. Emmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background Although CT perfusion (CTP) is often incorporated in acute stroke workflows, it remains largely unclear what the associated costs and health implications are in the long run of CTP-based patient selection for endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients presenting within 6 hours after symptom onset with a large vessel occlusion. Methods Patients with a large vessel occlusion were included from a Dutch nationwide cohort (n=703) if CTP imaging was performed before EVT within 6 hours after stroke onset. Simulated cost and health effects during 5 and 10 years follow-up were compared between CTP based patient selection for EVT and providing EVT to all patients. Outcome measures were the net monetary benefit at a willingness-to-pay of €80 000 per quality-adjusted life year, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio), difference in costs from a healthcare payer perspective (ΔCosts) and quality-adjusted life years (ΔQALY) per 1000 patients for 1000 model iterations as outcomes. Results Compared with treating all patients, CTP-based selection for EVT at the optimised ischaemic core volume (ICV≥110 mL) or core-penumbra mismatch ratio (MMR≤1.4) thresholds resulted in losses of health (median ΔQALYs for ICV≥110 mL: -3.3 (IQR: -5.9 to -1.1), for MMR≤1.4: 0.0 (IQR: -1.3 to 0.0)) with median ΔCosts for ICV≥110 mL of -€348 966 (IQR: -€712 406 to -€51 158) and for MMR≤1.4 of €266 513 (IQR: €229 403 to €380 110)) per 1000 patients. Sensitivity analyses did not yield any scenarios for CTP-based selection of patients for EVT that were cost-effective for improving health, including patients aged ≥80 years Conclusion In EVT-eligible patients presenting within 6 hours after symptom onset, excluding patients based on CTP parameters was not cost-effective and could potentially harm patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-527
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume95
Issue number6
Early online date18 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2023. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Costs and health effects of CT perfusion-based selection for endovascular thrombectomy within 6 hours of stroke onset: a model-based health economic evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this