Course and prognostic factors of disability in community-dwelling older people with mild disability: The Rotterdam Study

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Abstract

Aim: To study the prognosis of disability of community-dwelling older people with mild disability at baseline. Methods: We used data from the Rotterdam Study: a community-based prospective cohort study of community-dwelling older people. We evaluated sociodemographic factors, lifestyle variables, health conditions and disability status at baseline and follow-up after 6 years. Disability was defined as a score on the Health Assessment Questionnaire. Results: At baseline the population consisted of 1166 older people with mild disability with a mean age of 69.7 (55-93) years. At follow-up 18% of the study population recovered from mild disability, 20% stayed mildly disabled, 31% became severely disabled, while 32% were deceased. At follow-up relatively more men died while more women had a worsened disability. Age and income were predictors of disability decrease. Alcohol use seemed to be significantly protective against death. Conclusion: Just a few prognostic factors appeared to be related to disability 6 years later.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalAustralasian Journal on Ageing
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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