Critical project planning and spare parts inventory management in shutdown maintenance

Sha Zhu*, Willem van Jaarsveld, Rommert Dekker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


In the process industry, plant production is completely halted every so many years for large-scale maintenance comprising inspection, repair and overhaul. It is paramount that this shutdown maintenance is completed according to the planning, which requires timely availability of replacement parts. In this setting, we present a spare parts optimization model and algorithm that includes the cost-time trade-off and precedence constraints between maintenance activities. The objective is to balance between spare parts ordering cost and the expected project delay cost due to waiting for spare parts. Using two-stage stochastic programming, spare parts ordering policies are determined in the first stage and a detailed project schedule is developed in the second stage. We propose a sample average approximation with importance sampling and pruning of dominated activities to solve the problem, and demonstrate that this method solves large instances quickly. We also consider heuristics, e.g. the standard project management approach based on the widely used critical path method and two heuristics that draw from spare part inventory control literature. These heuristics give poor solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108197
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Approval of the version of the manuscript to be published (the names of all authors must be listed).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


Dive into the research topics of 'Critical project planning and spare parts inventory management in shutdown maintenance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this