Cumulative 5-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Biological Mesh with Primary Perineal Wound Closure after Extralevator Abdominoperineal Resection (BIOPEX-study)

Robin D. Blok, Sarah Sharabiany, Jaap Stoker, Ellen T.M. Laan, Robbert J.I. Bosker, Jacobus W.A. Burger, Sanjay Chaudhri, Peter Van Duijvendijk, Boudewijn Van Etten, Anna A.W. Van Geloven, Eelco J.R. De Graaf, Christiaan Hoff, Roel Hompes, Jeroen W.A. Leijtens, Joost Rothbarth, Harm J.T. Rutten, Baljit Singh, Ronald J.C.L.M. Vuylsteke, Johannes H.W. De Wilt, Marcel G.W. DijkgraafWillem A. Bemelman, Gijsbert D. Musters, Pieter J. Tanis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine long-term outcomes of a randomized trial (BIOPEX) comparing biological mesh and primary perineal closure in rectal cancer patients after extralevator abdominoperineal resection and preoperative radiotherapy, with a primary focus on symptomatic perineal hernia. Summary Background Data: BIOPEX is the only randomized trial in this field, which was negative on its primary endpoint (30-day wound healing). Methods: This was a posthoc secondary analysis of patients randomized in the BIOPEX trial to either biological mesh closure (n = 50; 2 dropouts) or primary perineal closure (n = 54; 1 dropout). Patients were followed for 5 years. Actuarial 5-year probabilities were determined by the Kaplan-Meier statistic. Results: Actuarial 5-year symptomatic perineal hernia rates were 7% (95% CI, 0-30) after biological mesh closure versus 30% (95% CI, 10-49) after primary closure (P = 0.006). One patient (2%) in the biomesh group underwent elective perineal hernia repair, compared to 7 patients (13%) in the primary closure group (P = 0.062). Reoperations for small bowel obstruction were necessary in 1/48 patients (2%) and 5/53 patients (9%), respectively (P = 0.208). No significant differences were found for chronic perineal wound problems, locoregional recurrence, overall survival, and main domains of quality of life and functional outcome. Conclusions: Symptomatic perineal hernia rate at 5-year follow-up after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer was significantly lower after biological mesh closure. Biological mesh closure did not improve quality of life or functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E37-E44
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume275
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This investigator initiated trial was funded by an unrestricted grant from LifeCell Corporation, an Allergan Company. Prof. Dr. P.J. Tanis has received honoraria from LifeCell.

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

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