Current immunosuppressive treatment after kidney transplantation

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Abstract

Introduction: Since 1995, several immunosuppressive drugs have entered the field of organ transplantation: tacrolimus, mycophenolate and the mTOR-inhibitors. Now treating physicians have a choice. Areas covered: The authors review the important studies on immunosuppressive drugs used at present after kidney transplantation, published in the last three decades. This review also discusses the available evidence for selecting one of the calcineurin inhibitors, antiproliferative agents and induction therapy. Interesting new drugs are discussed briefly. Expert opinion: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) are considered, especially in de novo transplantation, to be the most effective maintenance drugs to prevent acute rejection. Combining CNI with mycophenolate or an mTOR-inhibitor has made it possible to reduce CNI dose and diminish nephrotoxicity. Uniform treatment regimes according to guidelines are useful but should leave room for adjustment to the needs of individual patients. Longer follow-up studies are needed to decide on the optimal maintenance treatment.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1217-1231
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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