Cyclooxygenase Isoenzyme-2 and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor are Associated with Poor Prognosis in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

MJD Prins, RJJ Verhage, Fiebo Kate, R (Richard) van Hillegersberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Cyclooxygenase isoenzyme-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) contribute to angiogenesis and are overexpressed in various malignancies. The aim of the study was to evaluate expression, prognostic value and correlation between COX-2 and VEGF expression in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Surgical specimens of 154 patients with EAC were used to construct a tissue micro array (TMA). TMA sections were immunohistochemically stained for COX-2 and VEGF and scored on intensity of staining. Estimated 5-year cancer specific survival was 37%. High COX-2 and VEGF expression was observed in 39 (26.5%) and in 77 (53.8%) tumors, respectively. Both markers were associated with poor cancer specific survival (p = .022 and p = .004, respectively, log rank). No significant correlation was found between VEGF and COX-2 expression (r = 063; p = .455). In multivariate analysis, high COX-2 expression (HR 1.65; 95% CI 1.04-2.61; p = .034) was associated with overall survival. In patients with T3 tu This is the first study that evaluated the prognostic value and correlation of COX-2 and VEGF expression in a large and homogenous population of patients with EAC. No correlation between COX-2 and VEGF expression was found. Both markers were expressed in EAC and were associated with poor prognosis. The findings support the use of COX-2 and VEGF inhibitors in future clinical studies.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)956-966
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this