Decentralization, empowerment and poverty alleviation in urban India: roles and responses of government, NGOs and slum communities

Joop de Wit

Research output: Working paperAcademic

Abstract

This paper deals with the Bangalore Urban Poverty Alleviation Programme (BUPP) and the Urban Basic Services Scheme for the Urban Poor (UBSP) presently being implemented in India. Both programmes are decentralized urban poverty alleviation efforts in which empowerment of the poor - especially women - is a key goal. Besides, they aim at the convergence of various existing urban poverty alleviation programmes of Governmental and Non Governmental Organizations, which are to be implemented through participatory, bottom up planning approaches. Both programmes have booked considerable progress. But it comes as no surprise that there have been problems, for example as regards the involvement of and coordination between Government agencies and NGOs, but also with respect to the performance and representativeness of local slum organizations. These problems are listed in some detail, while suggestions are given which may contribute to improved performance. Preceding the description and analysis of the BUPP and UBSP programmes, the paper deals broadly with theory and practice of (the links between) decentralization, empowerment and urban poverty alleviation. Specific attention is given to the ambitious urban decentralization efforts initiated in India under the 74th Constitutional Amendment.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Haag
PublisherInternational Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Number of pages46
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997

Publication series

SeriesISS working papers. General series
Number267
ISSN0921-0210

Series

  • ISS Working Paper-General Series

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