Defective recovery of QT dispersion following transcatheter aortic valve implantation: frequency, predictors and prognosis

Rutger-jan Nuis, G Turgut, Robert van der Boon, Nicolas van Mieghem, Sjoerd Nauta, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, Ron van Domburg, G Zuchelli, Luc Jordaens, Peter de Jaegere

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Abstract

Background Corrected QT dispersion (cQTD) has been correlated with non-uniform ventricular repolarisation and increased mortality. In patients with aortic stenosis, cQTD has been shown improved after surgical valve replacement, but the effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are unknown. Therefore, we sought to explore the frequency, predictors and prognostic effects of defective cQTD recovery at 6 months after TAVI. Methods A total of 222 patients underwent TAVI with the Medtronic-CoreValve System between November 2005 and January 2012. Patients who were on class or.. antiarrhythmics or on chronic haemodialysis or who developed atrial fibrillation, a new bundle branch block or became pacemaker dependent after TAVI were excluded. As a result, pre-, post-and follow-up ECG (median: 6 months) analysis was available in 45 eligible patients. Defective cQTD recovery was defined as any progression beyond the baseline cQTD at 6 months. Results In the 45 patients, the mean cQTD was 47 +/- 23 ms at baseline, 45 +/- 17 ms immediately after TAVI and 40 +/- 16 ms at 6 months (15% reduction, P = 0.049). Compared to baseline, cQTD at 6 months was improved in 60% of the patients whereas defective cQTD recovery was present in 40%. cQTD increase immediately after TAVI was an independent predictor of defective cQTD recovery at 6 months (per 10 ms increase; OR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.15-3.12). By univariable analysis, defective cQTD recovery was associated with late mortality (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.05-2.17). Conclusions Despite a gradual reduction of cQTD after TAVI, 40% of the patients had defective recovery at 6 months which was associated with late mortality. More detailed ECG analysis after TAVI may help to avoid late death.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)482-488
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geriatric Cardiology
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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