Deletion of DWORF does not affect cardiac function in aging and in PLN-R14del cardiomyopathy

Nienke M. Stege, Vivian Oliveira Nunes Teixeira, Sietske N. Zijlstra, Anna M. Feringa, Rudolf A. de Boer, Herman H.W. Silljé*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The phospholamban (PLN) pathogenic gene variant p.Arg14del causes cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by perinuclear PLN protein clustering and can lead to severe heart failure (HF). Elevated expression of dwarf open reading frame (DWORF), a protein counteracting the function of PLN in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), can delay disease progression in a PLN-R14del mouse model. Here, we evaluated whether deletion of DWORF (DWORF-/-) would have an opposite effect and accelerate agedependent disease progression in wild-type (WT) mice and mice with a pathogenic PLN-R14del allele (R14Δ/+). We show that DWORF-/- mice maintained a normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during aging and no difference with WT control mice could be observed up to 20 mo of age. R14Δ/+ mice maintained a normal cardiac function until 12 mo of age, but at 18 mo of age, LVEF was significantly reduced as compared with WT mice. Absence of DWORF did neither accelerate the R14Δ/+- induced reduction in LVEF nor enhance the increases in gene expression of markers related to cardiac remodeling and fibrosis and did not exacerbate cardiac fibrosis caused by the R14Δ/+ mutation. Together, these results demonstrate that absence of DWORF does not accelerate or exacerbate PLN-R14del cardiomyopathy in mice harboring the pathogenic R14del allele. In addition, our data indicate that DWORF appears to be dispensable for cardiac function during aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H870-H876
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024

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